According to a latest study in Japan, the risk of mortality is high among men whose carb consumption is less than 40% of their calorie intake. Similarly, women who consume a too low fat diet.
Now that does not mean you should start indulging in guilty eating and take to ultra-processed foods that are generally low in nutrition. Here's the study conclusion by experts:
Low-carb diets lack dietary fiber and essential nutrients, including vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, and B vitamins. Remember, these are essential for your body to thrive. The lack of such nutritive foods puts you at a higher risk of cancer and metabolic disorders.
Further, medical experts suggest that the study conclusion is likely due to poor dietary quality, malnourishment due to poverty, smoking, [and] alcohol.
What else does the study say?
According to the study authors, a lack of bioactive dietary components could be blamed for the same. What are the bioactive components?
Vitamins, minerals, fiber, heme iron, fatty and amino acids, and phytochemicals are thought to be in short supply in the individuals who are at a high risk of mortality.
Further, a diet lacking in plant sources and rich in animal products, is blamed for encouraging inflammatory pathways, which result in "rapid biological aging, and produce oxidative stress."
A well-balanced diet, which is sustainable, alone works. If you are wondering how to live long, focus on eating whole grains, good fats, protein, and minerals.
The study was published in The Journal of Nutrition.